Genital warts are warts that grow on the genitals caused by the Human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. This virus can spread through the skin to the genitals.
The main cause of genital warts is HPV. After entering the body, the HPV virus will dwell inside the cell and multiply. After that, the virus will come out of the host cell and attack other healthy cells.
Factors that determine whether a person is at risk of contracting venereal disease are usually seen from several factors, such as whether to have sexual relations with different people without wearing a condom or having a relationship with someone whose sexual history is unknown.
There are various types of HPV, there are low-risk HPV viruses and there are several types that can cause cancer of the cervix, rectum, or oral cancer called high-risk HPV.
Genital warts can grow in various sizes and shapes. Some look like flat white patches and others have a wavy shape, like cauliflower. HPV and genital warts can spread through sexual intercourse or genital skin-to-skin contact with someone who has a virus.
Symptoms of genital warts
Most people infected with HPV have no symptoms. But if the patient has symptoms, usually the symptoms that appear are very mild so someone does not know that they have been infected. Common symptoms that may occur are usually pain, itching, and bleeding.
Please note, the symptoms of genital warts will usually occur 2 to 3 months after infection. But there are also those that appear from 3 weeks to years after infection. Genital warts appear only during active infection. It’s possible to spread the virus even if you can’t see the wart.
Doctors can often find out if you have genital warts by carefully checking the genital area and anal area. Doctors can ask about symptoms and risk factors. Risk factors are things that make you more likely to get an infection.
Sometimes doctors also take tissue samples from warts for testing. For women, if you have an abnormal Pap test, your doctor can do an HPV test that is seen for a high-risk type of virus. Until now there is no cure for HPV, but symptoms can be treated.
Spread of genital warts
Please note, genital wart viruses can not be transmitted through kissing or certain intermediary media such as cutlery, towels, or other objects. This virus can only be transmitted through contact between skin and skin when having sex. Although there is no sexual penetration, touch between genital skin is still at risk of transmitting genital wart virus.