Mom, have you ever heard of the term stomach flu in infants? Even though it bears the name of flu, the stomach flu or what is known as gastroenteritis is different from flu or influenza. Gastroenteritis is a disease that attacks the stomach, small intestine and large intestine and is quite often experienced by infants and toddlers.
What is stomach flu or gastroenteritis?
Stomach flu or gastroenteritis is a disease that attacks the intestine, stomach and digestive tract of the baby caused by several types of viruses and bacteria. Besides being known as stomach flu, this disease is also known as the gastric flu.
Gastroenteritis can spread through close contact with people infected with the stomach flu virus. Transmission can also be done through sharing food or drinks by people who are contaminated with the virus.
In addition, foods that are not hygienically treated can also cause transmission of stomach flu. For example, forget to wash your hands before cooking, do not clean food properly, and drink water that has been contaminated with waste.
Symptoms of stomach flu in children
Symptoms of stomach flu can be observed after 1-3 days after infection. The generality of these symptoms is very diverse in each patient, ranging from mild to severe symptoms. These symptoms can last 1-2 days but can also be 10 days.
Some symptoms of stomach flu that often occur include abdominal pain or cramps, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, decreased appetite, weight loss, frequent sweating and damp skin, and fever. For babies who have not been able to express their feelings, they are likely to be fussy and do not want to suckle.
Handling stomach flu
For people with stomach flu, the main treatment focuses on meeting fluid needs. It is recommended that you provide as much fluid as possible to avoid dehydration. If dehydration is severe enough, the patient may need to be infused.
Giving electrolyte fluids such as ORS can also help rehydrate the child’s body. But consult their use with a doctor or pharmacist to be clearer.
In addition, parents can provide food consumption in small amounts but often. This is to prevent wasted food and cause child nausea.
In children, gastroemteritis must be treated immediately because it can lead to death in children. You can also prevent this disease by noticing the cleanliness of the environment, getting used to washing your hands well and processing food in a good and hygienic way.