What is pneumonia? Pneumonia is an infection that occurs in the lungs. Symptoms of pneumonia that occur can be cough, fever, and shortness of breath. Patients will also experience swelling. Pneumonia occurs because of the presence of fluid in the alveoli or air sacs in the lungs, a place to exchange oxygen with carbon dioxide.
You know what pneumonia is. Pneumonia is a disease also known as ‘wet lung’. For most people, pneumonia is a disease that can be treated at home.
Usually, pneumonia will heal in 2-3 weeks. However, in the elderly, infants, and people with immune deficiencies, pneumonia can be very active, so it needs hospitalization in the hospital.
People can get pneumonia from everyday life through their homes or workplaces. Community-pneumonia is not included in pneumonia cases in health care facilities (such as nursing homes or hospitals).
- About 1 million people who get pneumonia every year must get hospital treatment.
- About 60 thousand cases resulted in death.
- Elderly people over 65 have twice the chance.
All people should always be aware of symptoms of pneumonia. Once you know what pneumonia is, it is important for you to make an effort to prevent pneumonia so that you and your loved ones do not need to suffer from this disease.
You can also experience pneumonia from a hospital or health facility, called pneumonia-health-care. This pneumonia can be severe because you are already in a sick position when you are in health care.
Germs in the form of bacteria or viruses usually cause pneumonia. Symptoms of pneumonia can be different, depending on the cause of pneumonia that gives rise to this disease.
The cause of pneumonia usually starts when you breathe germs into the lungs. A greater possibility of getting this disease after a cold or flu.
Diseases such as colds or flu make it difficult for your lungs to fight infection, making it easier to get pneumonia. Having a long-term illness, or chronic diseases such as asthma, heart disease, cancer, or diabetes also makes you more likely to get pneumonia.
Symptoms of pneumonia
In general, symptoms of pneumonia caused by bacteria will come quickly:
- You may experience a phlegm cough from your lungs. Mucus may be yellow or green or mixed with blood.
- Rapid breathing and feeling of shortness of breath.
- Trembling and “teeth rattling” because of shivering
- Chest pain that often feels worse when you cough or breathe deeply.
- Fast heartbeat.
- Feel very tired or very weak.
- Nausea and vomiting.
Therefore, having a little knowledge about ascep pneumonia can make someone easier to avoid this unwanted pneumonia attack.
Investigation can be done on patients suspected of having pneumonia, namely examination in the form of chest X-ray is very important to get a clearer picture of the condition of the lungs.
One very important part of pneumonia is cleaning the airway in patients. The doctor or nurse will clean the airway to reduce sputum and avoid edema formation.
In addition, doctors will also conduct laboratory tests in the form of blood tests and sputum tests. No less important, doctors will also check oxygen levels in the patient’s direction, because in many cases, many pneumonia patients experience lack of oxygen.
Pneumonia can indeed cause clean oxygen from the outside to not enter along with the circulatory system or bloodstream.
Don’t panic, pneumonia is a disease that can be treated by taking proper medical treatment. If you get pneumonia, it is highly recommended that patients take adequate rest.
The doctor will not allow people with pneumonia to work hard when their body is weak. The easiest bacterial infection that causes pneumonia to attack someone when the body’s resistance is weak.
If you suffer from pneumonia, you are encouraged to have enough rest and not do heavy activities first. Also, don’t forget to drink enough water. In addition to avoiding you from the symptoms of dehydration, drinking water can also reduce the production of phlegm that clogs the airways.
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Experts recommend immunization for children and adults. Children get pneumococcal vaccines as part of their routine injections. Two types of pneumococcal vaccines are recommended for people over the age of 65 years.
If you smoke, or you have long-term health problems, you should get a pneumococcal vaccine. This can protect you from the risk of pneumonia. But if you get pneumonia, you might not be symptomatic. You can also get influenza vaccines to prevent flu, because sometimes people get pneumonia after experiencing the flu.
You risk pneumonia if you live close to people who have flu, measles, or smallpox. You may contract pneumonia after you have experienced one of these diseases. Kadi, wash your hands often. This helps prevent the spread of viruses and bacteria that can cause pneumonia.
Risoko pneumonia factor
What makes a person susceptible to pneumonia?
- Smoking is a risk factor for pneumonia
- Have other medical conditions, especially lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or asthma
- Infants less than 1 year old or older than 65 years
- Having an immune system disorder
- Take drugs called proton pump inhibitors (such as Prilosec or Protonix) which reduce the amount of stomach acid
- Drink excessive alcohol
- Recently had a cold or flu
You are more likely to have pneumonia complications and have to get hospital treatment if you:
- Older than 65 years
- Have several other diseases – such as COPD, diabetes, or asthma – or go to hospital for medical problems in the last 3 months
- Have had a spleen or no spleen operation – as in sickle cell disease.
- Have alcohol use problems
- Has a weak immune system
- Live in a place where people live together, such as dormitories or nursing homes.
If you have mild symptoms, your doctor may call it walking pneumonia or atypical pneumonia. Older people may have different, fewer, or milder symptoms.
They may not have a fever. Or they may have a cough but do not produce mucus. The main sign of pneumonia in the elderly can be thinking change. Confusion or delirium are examples of frequent. Or, if they already have lung disease, existing diseases can get worse.
Symptoms caused by viruses similar to those caused by bacteria. But they may come slowly and often are not clear or not bad.
Diagnosis of pneumonia
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and do a physical examination. Doctors can order X-ray examination and complete blood count (CBC). This is usually enough for the doctor to know if you have pneumonia.
You may need another check if you have symptoms worsening, or you are an elderly person, or have other health problems. In general, the more sick you are, the more you need an examination.
Your doctor may also test mucus from your lungs to find out what bacteria cause pneumonia. Finding out what causes your pneumonia can help your doctor choose the best treatment for you.
If pneumonia is caused by bacteria, the doctor will give antibiotics. This almost always cure pneumonia caused by bacteria. Be sure to take antibiotics exactly as instructed. Don’t stop taking antibiotics just because you feel better. You need to spend the antibiotics given.
Pneumonia can make you feel very sick. But after you take antibiotics, you usually begin to feel much better. Contact your doctor if you do not start feeling better after 2 to 3 days of antibiotics. Contact your doctor immediately if you feel worse.
There are things you can do to feel better during treatment. Get plenty of rest and sleep, and drink lots of fluids. Do not smoke. If your cough keeps you awake at night, talk to your doctor about using cough medicine.
You may need to go to hospital if you experience worsening symptoms, a weak immune system, or other serious illnesses.
Pneumonia is caused by a virus and is usually not treated with antibiotics. Sometimes, antibiotics can be used to prevent complications. But home care, such as resting and treating your cough, is the solution to viral pneumonia.