Entering the rainy season, children become more easily sick with cold coughs. Now one type of cough that most often attacks children during the rainy season is croup. The typical symptoms of croup are marked by a wheezing sound every time the child coughs. This disease can make it difficult for children to breathe freely, especially if it occurs in infants. Come on, find out more about the symptoms, causes, and treatment of croup cough in children in this article.
What is croup cough?
Croup cough is a respiratory infection that occurs when the larynx (voice box), trachea (windpipe), and bronchi (airways to the lungs) experience irritation and swelling.
This swelling makes the airways narrow so that the breath becomes faster and shallower and has a severe cough. As a result, children will have difficulty breathing.
Croup is most susceptible to attack infants aged 3 months to children aged 5 years, but can also be experienced by children over 15 years.
Symptoms of croup cough are wheezing
Croup causes children to cough frequently. However, the sound of the cough is different from coughing in general.
Coughing due to croup will sound very distinctive like a retained whistling sound. It sounds more squeaky and sounds “crunchy” instead of “coughing-up” like an ordinary cough. This kind of breath sounds is called wheezing.
In addition to coughing wheezing, your child will also usually experience symptoms of colds and flu, such as itchy and stuffy nose, sore throat, and fever.
In severe cases, severe coughing can cause the child to have difficulty breathing so that his skin gradually pales or turns blue because of lack of oxygen. These symptoms usually worsen at night or when the child cries.
The cause of cough croup is based on the type
The causes of croup cough are viral infections such as influenza virus, RSV parainfluenza, measles, and adenovirus. Initially your child will experience symptoms of a common cold and over time will experience a wheezing cough accompanied by fever.
Other less common causes are allergies or gastric acid reflux. If a child’s croup cough is caused by this, symptoms will appear suddenly and often occur at night. You might find your little one waking up in the middle of the night panting because the cough wheezed and his voice was hoarse.
Croup caused by an infectious viral infection within a few days after the child is infected or when he has a fever. Apart from these causes, croup cough due to an allergic reaction or gastric reflux is not contagious.
How to treat croup cough in children?
Croup cough can generally heal itself in about a week. But in order to heal faster, you can give the drug paracetamol or ibuprofen to relieve pain in infants aged over 6 months.
Dextromethorphan cough medicine should only be given to treat cough in children over the age of 4 years.
In addition to using drugs, you can also relieve symptoms of croup cough for children by:
- For children who are over 1 year old: give 1 / 2-1 tablespoons of honey 4 times a day. Honey should not be taken for children under 1 year. Alternatively, give apple juice with a mixture of 1-3 teaspoons of lemon juice.
- Croup cough usually gets worse when the child cries. So immediately calm the child if he starts crying.
Keep the temperature of the child’s room and house moist by installing a humidifier.
- Make sure the child has enough sleep and rest, compress his body with warm water, or take a warm bath.
- Drink plenty of warm water, fruit juice, or warm soup to relieve his breathing and reduce coughing.
- Before going to bed, give him a glass of warm water before going to bed and tuck a thick pillow under his head to relieve breathing.