Types of Infectious Respiratory Diseases

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Infectious diseases through the respiratory tract are diseases caused by viruses, bacteria and other microorganisms. This disease is of various types, ranging from mild respiratory disorders to those that can result in fatalities.

Respiratory tract diseases are divided into non-infectious respiratory diseases (caused by air pollution levels, allergies to certain items) and infectious respiratory diseases, so that they are easily transmitted through the air as direct or indirect contact with patients.

Non-communicable respiratory diseases, for example nasal polyps, nose cancer, nasopharyngeal cancer, while infectious respiratory tract diseases such as influenza and tuberculosis. Here are some infectious respiratory diseases:


TB is a disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis which attacks the respiratory tract, circulatory system, lymph channels and attacks other body parts. This disease can spread easily through bacteria in the air, saliva.

Therefore for TB sufferers it is strongly recommended to use a mask so as not to infect others. TB has symptoms of prolonged or chronic coughing, night sweats, weight loss which drops dramatically


Influenza or flu is the most common and most infectious disease. Flu can be spread through viruses that fly in the air. Symptoms that can be found are runny nose (runny), fever, coughing, sneezing, sore throat.


Pneumonia or what is known as pneumonia has three causes, namely bacteria, viruses and fungi. Symptoms that occur in patients with pneumonia are fever, stiff muscles, chest pain, shortness of breath, coughing, heart beat.


Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome or SARS is one of the acute respiratory diseases. The cause of SARS is known to originate from the corona and paramoxviridae viruses. Symptoms of this disease are body temperature that is more than 38 ° C degrees, coughing, difficulty breathing and shortness of breath, headaches, stiff muscles, diarrhea, red spots on the skin, and body weakness for several days.

Those are some types of respiratory diseases that can spread and spread easily. A healthy lifestyle, exercise, healthy food and good immune system can prevent the spread of various diseases.